FAQ: What Is The Tectonic Setting Of The Tambora Volcano In Indonesia?

What is the plate tectonic setting of Mount Tambora volcano?

Mount Tambora formed at a convergent plate boundary, where the Indo-Australian Plate subducts under the Eurasian Plate. Tambora is a stratovalcano, with an elevation of 2,850m (9,350ft). When the volcano erupted in 1815, it was given a volcanic explosion index (VEI) of 7.

Where did the Tambora eruption take place?

Mount Tambora, also called Mount Tamboro, Indonesian Gunung Tambora, volcanic mountain on the northern coast of Sumbawa island, Indonesia, that in April 1815 exploded in the largest volcanic eruption in recorded history.

Is Mount Tambora active dormant or extinct?

Mount Tambora is still active and minor lava domes and flows have been extruded on the caldera floor during the 19th and 20th centuries. The last eruption was recorded in 1967. However, it was a gentle eruption with a VEI of 0, which means it was non-explosive.

What type of volcano is Tambora?

The massive Tambora stratovolcano forms the entire 60-km-wide Sanggar Peninsula on northern Sumbawa Island. The largely trachybasaltic-to-trachyandesitic volcano grew to about 4,000 m elevation before forming a caldera more than 43,000 years ago.

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Is Mount Tambora dangerous?

In 1815, Mount Tambora erupted on Sumbawa, an island of modern-day Indonesia. Historians regard it as the volcano eruption with the deadliest known direct impact: roughly 100,000 people died in the immediate aftermath.

Why is Mount Tambora a stratovolcano?

Mount Tambora, is an active stratovolcano famous for its eruption in 1815 which was considered one of the most explosive volcanic eruptions in Earthʼs history. It is also known as a composite volcano because it is composed of layers of hardened lava, tephra, pumice, and volcanic ash.

Will Mount Tambora erupt again 2020?

Chief of Indonesia’s Geological Disaster Mitigation and Volcanology Center told Viva News the tremendous Tambora eruption is unlikely to repeat. Tambora in 1815 had tall peak with sizeable magma chamber. There is a very slight chance that the volcano will have as huge an explosion as it did in 1815.

Is Mt Tambora a supervolcano?

Answer: Mount Tambora is considered a supervolcano. An eruption in 1815 created a caldera that is 4 miles in diameter. Tambora is a stratovolcano, also known as a composite volcano.

What was the largest volcanic eruption ever?

Mt Tambora, Indonesia, 1815 (VEI 7) Mt. Tambora is the deadliest eruption in recent human history, claiming the lives of up to 120,000 people. On 10 April 1815, Tambora erupted sending volcanic ash 40km into the sky. It was the most powerful eruption in 500 years.

What did Mount Tambora destroy?

The most destructive explosion on earth in the past 10,000 years was the eruption of an obscure volcano in Indonesia called MountTambora. More than 13,000 feet high, Tambora blew up in 1815 and blasted 12 cubic miles of gases, dust and rock into the atmosphere and onto the island of Sumbawa and the surrounding area.

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What caused the year without summer in 1816?

A 13,000-foot-high volcano on the island of Sumbawa, near Bali, Indonesia, was the primary cause of the Year Without a Summer. The eruption happened in April of 1815 and was one of the greatest volcanic eruptions in history. Mount Tambora in Indonesia erupted in 1815, which had catastrophic effects globally.

What volcano caused the year without a summer?

Mount Tambora and the Year Without a Summer. The summer of 1816 was not like any summer people could remember.

Is Mount Tambora in the Ring of Fire?

The Ring of Fire is home to the deepest ocean trench, called the Mariana Trench. The Ring of Fire is also where an estimated 75% of the planet’s volcanoes are located, such as Mount Tambora of Indonesia, which erupted in 1815 and became the largest volcanic eruption in recorded history.

What does Tambora mean?

Tambora in British English (ˈtæmbəˌrɑː ) noun. a volcano in Indonesia, on N Sumbawa: violent eruption of 1815 reduced its height from about 4000 m (13 000 ft) to 2850 m (9400 ft)

How did Mt Tambora affect climate?

While they didn’t know the chill’s cause at the time, scientists and historians now know that the biggest volcanic eruption in human history, on the other side of the world — Mount Tambora in Indonesia in April 1815 — spewed millions of tons of dust, ash and sulfur dioxide into the atmosphere, temporarily changing the

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