How Much Of Indonesia Has Been Deforested?

What is the extent of deforestation in Indonesia in 2020?

Deforestation in 2020 was estimated at around 115,500 hectares (285,407 acres), down from around 462,500 hectares in 2019, Environment and Forestry Ministry senior official Ruandha Agung Sugardiman told reporters on Wednesday.

How much of Indonesia is deforested for palm oil?

Using satellite imagery, sustainability risk analysis organization Chain Reaction Research (CRR) found that 58% of the 38,000 hectares (93,900 acres) of deforestation for oil palm plantations in Indonesia, Malaysia and Papua New Guinea occurred in the concessions of 10 companies in Indonesia.

Does Indonesia have deforestation?

Deforestation in Indonesia involves the long-term loss of forests and foliage across much of the country; it has had massive environmental and social impacts. Large areas of forest in Indonesia have been cleared by large multinational pulp companies, such as Asia Pulp and Paper, and replaced by plantations.

Why is Indonesian deforestation bad?

Palm Oil and Peatland Forests In Indonesia companies drain carbon rich peatland forests to create palm oil plantations. When you drain peatland forests they become flammable. Deforestation has pushed Indonesia into the top tier emitters of global greenhouse gas emissions, alongside the United States and China.

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Where does deforestation occur the most in Indonesia?

This deforestation predominantly occurred on the large islands of Sumatra (47% of national deforestation) and Kalimantan (40% of national deforestation) (Margono et al 2014).

What country has the most deforestation 2020?

Countries With the Highest Deforestation Rates in the World

  • Nigeria.
  • The Philippines.
  • Benin.
  • Ghana.
  • Indonesia.
  • Nepal.
  • North Korea.
  • Haiti. Since 1990, approximately 22% decline in forest cover has been witnessed in Liberia, Haiti, and Ecuador.

Why is the deforestation bad?

The loss of trees and other vegetation can cause climate change, desertification, soil erosion, fewer crops, flooding, increased greenhouse gases in the atmosphere, and a host of problems for indigenous people.

What is Indonesia doing to stop deforestation?

JAKARTA — Indonesia’s president has made permanent a temporary moratorium on forest-clearing permits for plantations and logging. It’s a policy the government says has proven effective in curtailing deforestation, but whose apparent gains have been criticized by environmental activists as mere “propaganda.”

Why are palm oil plantations bad?

Environmentalists argue that this farming of oil palm trees is extremely bad for the planet. Palm oil production is said to have been responsible for about 8% of the world’s deforestation between 1990 and 2008. This is because forests are burned to clear areas where people can grow oil palms – even if it’s illegal.

Why is palm oil bad?

Palm oil has been and continues to be a major driver of deforestation of some of the world’s most biodiverse forests, destroying the habitat of already endangered species like the Orangutan, pygmy elephant and Sumatran rhino.

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How much money does palm oil make in Indonesia?

Value of total palm oil exports Indonesia 2011-2020 In 2020, the value of Indonesia’s total palm oil exports amounted to around 18.45 million U.S. dollars. Indonesia is the world’s largest producer and exporter of palm oil, followed by Malaysia.

How bad is Indonesia deforestation?

A recent study, not yet peer-reviewed, has also attributed the slowing deforestation rate in Indonesia to declining oil palm plantation expansion and lower palm oil prices. “In 2019, Indonesia produced timber from 8.4 million hectares [20.7 million acres] of natural forests.

Why do Indonesia burn forest?

Using fire to clear forests and peatland (wetlands critical for absorbing carbon dioxide from the atmosphere) for growing oil palm and pulpwood is illegal in Indonesia. Papua has 50 per cent of Indonesia’s biodiversity and is home to thousands of unique endemic species.

How many rainforest Does Indonesia have?

Indonesia is made up of more than 17,500 islands, but the majority of its rainforest is found on just four: Sumatra, Borneo, Sulawesi, and New Guinea. Sumatra is the western-most of Indonesia’s large islands. It is the only place in the world that has tigers, orangutans, rhinos, and elephants all living in the wild.

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