Question: What European Country Colonized Indonesia?

Has Indonesia been colonized?

Colonial Period of Indonesia. The colonial period of Indonesia did not immediately start when the Dutch first arrived in the archipelago at the end of the 16th century. As a consequence its possessions in the archipelago passed into the hands of the Dutch crown in 1800.

Was Indonesia Colonised by Spain?

European influence in Indonesia began when the Portuguese, in search for spices, landed in 1512. Both the Portuguese and the Spanish spread Christianity in Indonesia. Throughout the period of colonization, Indonesians had been fighting for their independence.

When did the Dutch colonized Indonesia?

The Dutch arrived in Indonesia in 1595 looking for natural resources and a place to take over.

Was Indonesia colonized by France?

The indirect relation between France and Indonesia was commenced during early 19th century colonial Dutch East Indies. For a short period between 1806 and 1811, Indonesia once belonged under French administration.

What if Indonesia was never colonized?

If Indonesia had never been colonized, there would be no Indonesia. Multiple states would be in this archipelago, many of them have conflict with their neighbors. You have to read the history of Indonesia to understand. Before the Dutch really have any power here, the multiple kingdoms fight each other.

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What is the old name of Indonesia?

Short Form: Indonesia. Former Names: Netherlands East Indies; Dutch East Indies.

How many countries that colonized Indonesia?

What was the Colonial Era like? Following the arrival of Marco polo in Sumatra, successive waves of Europeans—the Portuguese, Spanish, Dutch and British —sought to dominate the spice trade at its sources which is at the Moluccas or Maluku Islands of Indonesia began in the 16th century.

What was Indonesia called before colonization?

Before Indonesia The Indians chose Dwipantara, or the Islands of Beyond, while the Arabs settled on Jaza’ir al-Jawi, or the Java Islands. All these names established the region as a massive, faraway archipelago.

When did Spain come to Indonesia?

Initial contact between the Spanish empire and early kingdoms in Indonesian eastern islands was made in the 16th century, although it was Portuguese, British and Dutch that exercised their colonial rules in the Indonesian archipelago.

Why did the Dutch invaded Indonesia?

The first Europeans to establish themselves in Indonesia were the Portuguese in 1512. Following disruption of Dutch access to spices, the first Dutch expedition set sail for the East Indies in 1595 to access spices directly from Asia. When it made a 400% profit on its return, other Dutch expeditions soon followed.

Which countries did the Dutch colonize?

The Dutch colonized many parts of the world — from America to Asia and Africa to South America; they also occupied many African countries for years. From the 17th century onwards, the Dutch started to colonize many parts of Africa, including Ivory Coast, Ghana, South Africa, Angola, Namibia and Senegal.

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Was Indonesia colonized by the British?

From 1811 to 1815, Indonesia was administrated by the British. The British ruled the Malay Peninsula (British Malaya) and Northern Borneo, while the Dutch controlled Java, Sumatra, and most of the Indonesian archipelago until the Japanese invasion in 1942.

What country took over Indonesia?

The Japanese invasion and subsequent occupation in 1942–45 during WWII ended Dutch rule, and encouraged the previously suppressed Indonesian independence movement. Two days after the surrender of Japan in August 1945, nationalist leader Sukarno declared independence and became president.

What is the main culture of Indonesia?

Indonesia is centrally-located along ancient trading routes between the Far East, South Asia and the Middle East, resulting in many cultural practices being strongly influenced by a multitude of religions, including Buddhism, Christianity, Confucianism, Hinduism, and Islam, all strong in the major trading cities.

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