- 1 What two plates come together to produce the volcanoes of Indonesia Juan de Fuca plate and the North American plate Gorda plate and the Eurasian Plate Indo-Australian Plate and the Juan de Fuca plate Eurasian plate and the Indo-Australian Plate?
- 2 What plate boundary is Indonesia?
- 3 How do tectonic plates cause volcanoes?
- 4 What type of plate boundary or plate tectonic setting created the islands of Sumatra and Java near Indonesia )?
- 5 What causes the Earth’s plates to move?
- 6 Is Indonesia on a convergent boundary?
- 7 Why do earthquakes occur in Indonesia?
- 8 Is San Andreas Fault a plate boundary?
- 9 What are 3 types of volcanoes?
- 10 Where do most earthquakes occur on Earth?
- 11 How fast do tectonic plates move?
- 12 What is the largest volcano in Indonesia?
- 13 Is Mount Tambora near a plate boundary?
- 14 At what type of boundary do plates come together?
What two plates come together to produce the volcanoes of Indonesia Juan de Fuca plate and the North American plate Gorda plate and the Eurasian Plate Indo-Australian Plate and the Juan de Fuca plate Eurasian plate and the Indo-Australian Plate?
The two plates that come together to produce the volcanoes of Indonesia would be the Eurasian Plate and the Indo-Australian Plate.
What plate boundary is Indonesia?
Indonesia is located between two continental plates: the Eurasian Plate (Sunda Plate) and Australian Plate (Sahul Shelf); and between two oceanic plates: the Philippine Sea Plate and Pacific Plate.
How do tectonic plates cause volcanoes?
On land, volcanoes form when one tectonic plate moves under another. Water trapped in the rocks in this plate gets squeezed out. This causes some of the rocks to melt. The melted rock, or magma, is lighter than the surrounding rock and rises up.
What type of plate boundary or plate tectonic setting created the islands of Sumatra and Java near Indonesia )?
Sumatra is at the boundary between two tectonic plates. The ocean floor southwest of Sumatra is part of the Indian/Australian plate, while Sumatra and the other islands of Indonesia and Thailand are part of the Eurasian plate (see Figure 1).
What causes the Earth’s plates to move?
The heat from radioactive processes within the planet’s interior causes the plates to move, sometimes toward and sometimes away from each other. This movement is called plate motion, or tectonic shift.
Is Indonesia on a convergent boundary?
The movement forms three types of tectonic boundaries which affect Indonesia which are convergent plates which move into each other, divergent plates which move apart and transform plates which slide past each other horizontally.
Why do earthquakes occur in Indonesia?
Earthquakes form a constant threat in Indonesia due to the meeting of major tectonic plates and volcanic activity in the region. However, scientists do not know when, or where, this next big earthquake will happen.
Is San Andreas Fault a plate boundary?
The San Andreas Fault is part of a transform plate boundary that disrupts the topography of an ancient subduction zone. The transform plate boundary is a broad zone forming as the Pacific Plate slides northwestward past the North American Plate.
What are 3 types of volcanoes?
There are three types of volcanoes: cinder cones (also called spatter cones), composite volcanoes (also called stratovolcanoes), and shield volcanoes. Figure 11.22 illustrates the size and shape differences amongst these volcanoes. Shield volcanoes, which get their name from their broad rounded shape, are the largest.
Where do most earthquakes occur on Earth?
Over 80 per cent of large earthquakes occur around the edges of the Pacific Ocean, an area known as the ‘Ring of Fire’; this where the Pacific plate is being subducted beneath the surrounding plates. The Ring of Fire is the most seismically and volcanically active zone in the world.
How fast do tectonic plates move?
They can move at rates of up to four inches (10 centimeters) per year, but most move much slower than that. Different parts of a plate move at different speeds. The plates move in different directions, colliding, moving away from, and sliding past one another. Most plates are made of both oceanic and continental crust.
What is the largest volcano in Indonesia?
Mount Tambora, also called Mount Tamboro, Indonesian Gunung Tambora, volcanic mountain on the northern coast of Sumbawa island, Indonesia, that in April 1815 exploded in the largest volcanic eruption in recorded history.
Is Mount Tambora near a plate boundary?
Mount Tambora formed at a convergent plate boundary, where the Indo-Australian Plate subducts under the Eurasian Plate. Tambora is a stratovalcano, with an elevation of 2,850m (9,350ft). When the volcano erupted in 1815, it was given a volcanic explosion index (VEI) of 7.
At what type of boundary do plates come together?
When two plates come together, it is known as a convergent boundary. The impact of the colliding plates can cause the edges of one or both plates to buckle up into a mountain ranges or one of the plates may bend down into a deep seafloor trench.