Question: Why Indonesia Clear Forests?

What are the reasons for clearing forests?

Direct causes of deforestation are agricultural expansion, wood extraction (e.g., logging or wood harvest for domestic fuel or charcoal), and infrastructure expansion such as road building and urbanization. Rarely is there a single direct cause for deforestation.

How does Indonesia handle deforestation?

These include a permanent ban on issuing new permits to clear primary forests and peatlands; a moratorium on new oil palm plantation licenses; forest fire mitigation; a social forestry program; land rehabilitation; and increased enforcement against environmental violations.

Why is the Indonesian forest important?

Indonesia’s forests provide considerable economic, social, and environmental benefits for its people. Biodiversity plays a key role in food security, human health and livelihoods, providing clean water, timber, medicinal plants and other important services.

What are the 10 causes of deforestation?

Primary Causes of Deforestation

  • Agricultural Activities. As earlier mentioned in the overview, agricultural activities are one of the significant factors affecting deforestation.
  • Livestock Ranching.
  • Illegal Logging.
  • Urbanization.
  • Desertification of Land.
  • Mining.
  • Forest Fires.
  • Paper.
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What are the 5 causes of deforestation?

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  • INDUSTRIAL AGRICULTURE. Look no further than your dinner plate, because industrial agriculture accounts for around 85% of deforestation worldwide.
  • TIMBER LOGGING.
  • MINING.
  • EXPANSION AND INFRASTRUCTURE.
  • CLIMATE CHANGE.

Why is Indonesian deforestation bad?

Palm Oil and Peatland Forests In Indonesia companies drain carbon rich peatland forests to create palm oil plantations. When you drain peatland forests they become flammable. Deforestation has pushed Indonesia into the top tier emitters of global greenhouse gas emissions, alongside the United States and China.

Where does deforestation occur the most in Indonesia?

This deforestation predominantly occurred on the large islands of Sumatra (47% of national deforestation) and Kalimantan (40% of national deforestation) (Margono et al 2014).

What animals live in Indonesian forests?

The forests are home to marvelous creatures like the proboscis monkey, sun bear, clouded leopard, and flying fox bat, and endangered animals like the Sumatran tiger, Sumatran rhino, and Bornean elephant.

What is the main religion of Indonesia?

In the latest population census data, 87 percent of Indonesians declared themselves to be Muslim, followed by 9.87 percent who were Christian. The Indonesian constitution guarantees religious freedom, and officially recognizes Islam, Protestantism, Catholicism, Buddhism, Hinduism, and Confucianism.

How much of Indonesian forests have been destroyed?

Although estimates vary widely, conservative studies suggest more than a million hectares (2.4 million acres) of Indonesian rainforest is cleared and lost each year, with about 70% occurring in forests on mineral soils and 30% on carbon-rich peatland forests.

What are the causes and effect of deforestation?

Deforestation refers to the decrease in forest areas across the world that are lost for other uses such as agricultural croplands, urbanization, or mining activities. Greatly accelerated by human activities since 1960, deforestation has been negatively affecting natural ecosystems, biodiversity, and the climate.

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What are the effects of cutting down trees?

Cutting trees can result in the loss of habitat for animal species, which can harm ecosystems. According to National Geographic, “70 percent of Earth’s land animals and plants live in forests, and many cannot survive the deforestation that destroys their homes.”

What are the causes of cutting trees?

The causes of deforestation

  • Natural causes as hurricanes, fires, parasites and floods.
  • Human activities as agricultural expansion, cattle breeding, timber extraction, mining, oil extraction, dam construction and infrastructure development.

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