Readers ask: When Did Indonesia Gain Independence?

Who did Indonesia gain independence from?

In December 1949, after four years of military and diplomatic confrontation with the Netherlands, the Dutch Government finally recognised the independence of the Dutch East Indies, which became the Republic of the United States of Indonesia.

When did Indonesian gain independence from the rule of this country?

Independence declared. Under pressure from radical and politicised pemuda (‘youth’) groups, Sukarno and Hatta proclaimed Indonesian independence, on 17 August 1945, two days after the Japanese Emperor’s surrender in the Pacific.

When did the Dutch leave Indonesia?

Despite two successful military campaigns in 1947 and 1948, Dutch efforts to re-establish their colony failed and the Netherlands recognised Indonesian sovereignty in December 1949.

Where did Indonesia gain independence?

Indonesia gained its independence at the end of WW2 in 1945. The Dutch ruled Indonesia until the Japenese invasion and subsequent occupation in 1942. This occupation encouraged the Indonesian independence movement, who sought freedom from years of colonial rule.

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What is the old name of Indonesia?

Short Form: Indonesia. Former Names: Netherlands East Indies; Dutch East Indies.

What was Indonesia called before independence?

Indonesia was formerly known as the Dutch East Indies (or Netherlands East Indies).

What is the largest ethnic group in Indonesia?

The Javanese constitute Indonesia’s largest ethnic group, accounting for roughly one-third of the total population. Most Javanese live in the densely settled, irrigated agricultural regions of central and eastern Java—the most populous parts of the country.

Why did Japan invade Indonesia?

The East Indies were targeted by the Japanese for their rich oil resources which would become a vital asset during the war. The campaign and subsequent three and a half year Japanese occupation was also a major factor in the end of Dutch colonial rule in the region.

What side was Indonesia on in ww2?

The Japanese Empire occupied the Dutch East Indies (now Indonesia) during World War II from March 1942 until after the end of the war in September 1945. In Indonesian history, the period was one of the most critical.

Are there still Dutch in Indonesia?

Over a 15-year period after the Republic of Indonesia became an independent state, virtually the entire Dutch population, Indische Nederlanders (Dutch Indonesians), estimated at between 250,000 and 300,000, left the former Dutch East Indies.

What was Indonesia like before colonization?

The archipelago we now know as Indonesia consisted of islands and estates ruled by various kingdoms and empires, sometimes living in peaceful coexistence while at other times being at state of war with each other. This vast archipelago lacked the sense of social and political unity that Indonesia has today.

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Which countries did the Dutch colonize?

The Dutch colonized many parts of the world — from America to Asia and Africa to South America; they also occupied many African countries for years. From the 17th century onwards, the Dutch started to colonize many parts of Africa, including Ivory Coast, Ghana, South Africa, Angola, Namibia and Senegal.

What if Indonesia was never colonized?

If Indonesia had never been colonized, there would be no Indonesia. Multiple states would be in this archipelago, many of them have conflict with their neighbors. You have to read the history of Indonesia to understand. Before the Dutch really have any power here, the multiple kingdoms fight each other.

How long did Dutch occupy Indonesia?

For example, when you talk to an Indonesian individual about the colonial period (whether the individual is highly educated or uneducated) he/she will say that Indonesia was colonized by the Dutch for three and a half centuries.

Was Indonesia a British colony?

From 1811 to 1815, Indonesia was administrated by the British. The British ruled the Malay Peninsula (British Malaya) and Northern Borneo, while the Dutch controlled Java, Sumatra, and most of the Indonesian archipelago until the Japanese invasion in 1942.

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