Readers ask: Who Controlled Indonesia?

Was Indonesia a British colony?

From 1811 to 1815, Indonesia was administrated by the British. The British ruled the Malay Peninsula (British Malaya) and Northern Borneo, while the Dutch controlled Java, Sumatra, and most of the Indonesian archipelago until the Japanese invasion in 1942.

How did the Dutch control Indonesia?

The colonial period of Indonesia did not immediately start when the Dutch first arrived in the archipelago at the end of the 16th century. In 1796 the VOC went bankrupt and was nationalized by the Dutch state. As a consequence its possessions in the archipelago passed into the hands of the Dutch crown in 1800.

How long did the Dutch rule Indonesia?

Dutch rule from 1815 to c. Before the 19th century, Indonesian societies had experienced considerable pressure from Europeans, but they had not been consumed by Western influences.

Why did Japan invade Indonesia?

The Japanese occupied the archipelago in order, like their Portuguese and Dutch predecessors, to secure its rich natural resources. To feed Japan’s war machine, large amounts of petroleum, scrap iron, and other raw materials had to be imported from foreign sources.

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What is the old name of Indonesia?

Short Form: Indonesia. Former Names: Netherlands East Indies; Dutch East Indies.

What is the main culture of Indonesia?

Indonesia is centrally-located along ancient trading routes between the Far East, South Asia and the Middle East, resulting in many cultural practices being strongly influenced by a multitude of religions, including Buddhism, Christianity, Confucianism, Hinduism, and Islam, all strong in the major trading cities.

Why did the Dutch colonized Indonesia?

The first Europeans to establish themselves in Indonesia were the Portuguese in 1512. Following disruption of Dutch access to spices, the first Dutch expedition set sail for the East Indies in 1595 to access spices directly from Asia. When it made a 400% profit on its return, other Dutch expeditions soon followed.

What if Indonesia was never colonized?

If Indonesia had never been colonized, there would be no Indonesia. Multiple states would be in this archipelago, many of them have conflict with their neighbors. You have to read the history of Indonesia to understand. Before the Dutch really have any power here, the multiple kingdoms fight each other.

Which country was colonized the longest?

If you allow “Pre Columbus colonies” these are the longest colonized areas. If you do not, in 1498 Portugal established colonies in Mozambique. Portuguese rule there lasted to 1975 as well, so Mozambique would have the longest stretch as a colony, if we use 1492 as the cutoff date.

Are there still Dutch in Indonesia?

Over a 15-year period after the Republic of Indonesia became an independent state, virtually the entire Dutch population, Indische Nederlanders (Dutch Indonesians), estimated at between 250,000 and 300,000, left the former Dutch East Indies.

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What was Indonesia like before colonization?

The archipelago we now know as Indonesia consisted of islands and estates ruled by various kingdoms and empires, sometimes living in peaceful coexistence while at other times being at state of war with each other. This vast archipelago lacked the sense of social and political unity that Indonesia has today.

How did the Japanese treat female prisoners of war?

10. Female prisoners of war were raped, deliberately infected with syphilis, and forcibly impregnated for the purpose of scientific research by the Japanese. Although male prisoners of war under the Japanese Empire endured intolerable and sustained abuse, female prisoners equally suffered.

Is Indonesia bigger than Japan?

Japan is approximately 377,915 sq km, while Indonesia is approximately 1,904,569 sq km, making Indonesia 404% larger than Japan. Meanwhile, the population of Japan is ~125.5 million people (141.5 million more people live in Indonesia). We have positioned the outline of Japan near the middle of Indonesia.

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