What Is A Major Cause Of Conflict In Indonesia Today?

What conflict is happening in Indonesia?

The Papua conflict is an ongoing conflict in Western New Guinea between Indonesia and the Free Papua Movement (Indonesian: Organisasi Papua Merdeka, OPM).

What are the major causes of ethnic conflict?

Ethnic conflict arises if ethnic groups compete for the same goal —notably power, access to resources, or territory. The interests of a society’s elite class play an important role in mobilizing ethnic groups to engage in ethnic conflicts. Ethnic conflict is thus similar to other political interest conflicts.

Is there any religious conflict in Indonesia?

The conflict in the Malaccas where, in the past two years, about 4,000 people have been killed in Christian-Muslim fighting, and about 500,000 displaced, according to Indonesian Red Cross figures. This issue of migrants against indigenous people is a major theme that runs through communal conflict in Indonesia.

Who has invaded Indonesia?

Beginning in the 16th century, successive waves of Europeans— the Portuguese, Spanish, Dutch and English —sought to dominate the spice trade at its sources in India and the ‘Spice Islands’ (Maluku) of Indonesia.

How is ethnic conflict resolved?

Techniques of ethnic conflict resolution, such as that of negotiation, can work effectively only when they are governed by this metaprinciple. In this regard, the effectiveness depends also on participation of the state in interethnic conflict resolution, particularly by means of policies of identity recognition.

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What are types of conflict?

In particular, three types of conflict are common in organizations: task conflict, relationship conflict, and value conflict. Although open communication, collaboration, and respect will go a long way toward conflict management, the three types of conflict can also benefit from targeted conflict-resolution tactics.

What are the effects of ethnic conflict?

In addition, ethnic conflicts have very direct effects far beyond their epicentres. Those involve refugee flows, internal displacement, regional instability, economic failures, environmental disasters, diffusion and spillover effects, and conditions favourable to organized crime and terrorism.

Is Indonesia a Islamic country?

Indonesia is a secular democratic country that has a Muslim-majority population. Although Indonesia is not an Islamic state, Islamic principles do influence political decision making.

What is the religion in Indonesia?

In the latest population census data, 87 percent of Indonesians declared themselves to be Muslim, followed by 9.87 percent who were Christian. The Indonesian constitution guarantees religious freedom, and officially recognizes Islam, Protestantism, Catholicism, Buddhism, Hinduism, and Confucianism.

What is the old name of Indonesia?

Short Form: Indonesia. Former Names: Netherlands East Indies; Dutch East Indies.

What is Indonesia known for?

Nowadays, Indonesia is famous for its diverse and multicultural islands, from deeply religious Aceh in the north; to the country’s center of government in Java; to the tropical paradise of Bali; and all the way down to the province of Papua on the border with independent Papua New Guinea.

Did Indonesia fight in ww2?

The Japanese Empire occupied the Dutch East Indies (now Indonesia) during World War II from March 1942 until after the end of the war in September 1945. In Indonesian history, the period was one of the most critical.

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