Which Of The Following Monoculture Is Especially Implicated In Deforestation In Indonesia?

What are the main causes of deforestation in Indonesia?

Large-scale agriculture, primarily for growing oil palms, remains a major cause of deforestation in Indonesia, but its impact has diminished proportionately in recent years as other natural and human causes emerge, a new Duke University study finds.

How does Indonesia handle deforestation?

These include a permanent ban on issuing new permits to clear primary forests and peatlands; a moratorium on new oil palm plantation licenses; forest fire mitigation; a social forestry program; land rehabilitation; and increased enforcement against environmental violations.

How does monoculture affect deforestation?

Recent studies have shown that monoculture tree plantations have a twofold impact globally: loss of biodiversity and net emitters of carbon. Another study in the Amazon showed an overall loss of 25 percent of species from primary forest to plantations. Bird, amphibian, and lizard biodiversity fell by 40 to 60 percent.

What is the main source of deforestation?

Beef production is the top driver of deforestation in the world’s tropical forests. The forest conversion it generates more than doubles that generated by the production of soy, palm oil, and wood products (the second, third, and fourth biggest drivers) combined.

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What are the five main causes of deforestation?

The most common pressures causing deforestation and severe forest degradation are agriculture, unsustainable forest management, mining, infrastructure projects and increased fire incidence and intensity.

Why is deforestation so bad in Indonesia?

Due to unethical agricultural practices, Indonesia has lost 80 percent of its total original forest coverage and continues to lose 6.2 million acres per year. Deforestation in Indonesia is a direct cause of loss of habitat in tropical areas since the animals have nowhere to go. Peatlands are very common in Indonesia.

Where does deforestation occur the most in Indonesia?

This deforestation predominantly occurred on the large islands of Sumatra (47% of national deforestation) and Kalimantan (40% of national deforestation) (Margono et al 2014).

Is monoculture good or bad?

The overuse of chemical fertilizers has a destructive impact on soil, but monoculture is also a threat to soil degradation in other ways. Reuse of the same soil instead of following a determined crop rotation can lead to pathogens and diseases in plants.

What are the problems of monoculture?

Problem of Monoculture: Growing the same crops year after year on the same land increases vulnerability to pest and disease attacks. The more the crop and genetic diversity, the more difficult it is for insects and pathogens to devise a way to pierce through plant resistance.

What are the negative effects of monoculture?

Disadvantages of Monoculture Farming

  • Damage to soil quality.
  • Increased use of Fertilizers.
  • Susceptibility to Pests.
  • Increased use of Pesticides and herbicides.
  • Damage to the Environment.
  • Loss of Biodiversity.
  • Increased Susceptibility to diseases.
  • Actually lower yields.
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What are the 10 causes of deforestation?

Primary Causes of Deforestation

  • Agricultural Activities. As earlier mentioned in the overview, agricultural activities are one of the significant factors affecting deforestation.
  • Livestock Ranching.
  • Illegal Logging.
  • Urbanization.
  • Desertification of Land.
  • Mining.
  • Forest Fires.
  • Paper.

What are 2 causes of deforestation?

Direct causes of deforestation are agricultural expansion, wood extraction (e.g., logging or wood harvest for domestic fuel or charcoal), and infrastructure expansion such as road building and urbanization. Rarely is there a single direct cause for deforestation.

Which forest is called as lungs of Earth?

Tropical rainforests are often called the “lungs of the planet” because they generally draw in carbon dioxide and breathe out oxygen.

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